After the Heat Comes the Labour Dispute
Comment by Vivianne Rau
While the current crisis was triggered by armed violence linked to armed opposition groups, such as ‘Boko Haram’ and ‘Islamic State West Africa’, the situation has deep roots in longstanding developmental challenges. Widespread inequality and decades of political marginalisation of the communities in the region has instilled an entrenched sense of exclusion and lack of trust between communities and the government. Against this backdrop, the region also faces significant environmental stress.
The resulting resource scarcity, livelihood insecurity and extreme poverty have exacerbated tensions between pastoralists, farmers, and fishers. These livelihood stresses are also making young people more vulnerable to recruitment by non-state armed groups such as Boko Haram and illicit employment, and feeds into armed conflict and contributes to widespread internal as well as cross-border displacement – nurturing a vicious cycle of fragility and armed violence. The impacts of climate change on state and societies around Lake Chad will further exacerbate these pressures.
The international community, donors and national governments have started a number of initiatives targeted at addressing the humanitarian crisis in the region. However, despite the significant role climate change plays in shaping the risk landscape, there is as yet no analysis or process which explicitly takes account of the role climate change plays in either risk or shaping appropriate responses.
The Lake Chad Risk Assessment Project is a concerted effort to address the critical gap in knowledge and action on climate and fragility risks in the region, in a timely and practical manner. The process-oriented, locally grounded, integrated risk assessment of the Lake Chad region, aims to provide:
The assessment will build upon the G7 commissioned report A New Climate For Peace and apply these conclusions to the Lake Chad context.
The project will use the Planetary Security Initiative (PSI)’s annual conferences as a platform to both generate and validate knowledge and to share the assessment approach and findings amongst the global community of practice on climate and security.
The assessment includes the following components:
Assessment phase: November 2017 – June 2019
The assessment will be carried out by a consortium of leading research institutes led by adelphi:
Local expertise and engagement will be provided by