Japan is considered as a pioneer in the development and dissemination of new drive systems such as hybrid and battery electric vehicles and fuel cell vehicles. Furthermore, the Japanese fuel economy is one of the best worldwide and the share of railways for passenger transport is much higher than in many other developed countries.
This background study provides an in-depth overview and critical analysis of Japanese concepts and activities for climate protection and energy efficiency in the transport sector and derives recommendations for the Japanese-German energy dialogue. At the beginning, the study presents some background data on the structure, GHG emissions and energy consumption of the transport sector in Japan is presented and the relevant stakeholders from policy, industry and research in the field of transport and sustainable mobility are introduced.
The study gives a comprehensive overview of Japanese policy objectives, strategies and measures with respect to climate protection and energy efficiency in the transport sector including the promotion of fuel efficiency, the dissemination of environmental friendly vehicles, measures in freight transport as well as policies for increasing public transportation and cycling. Finally, the Japanese developments into international context and in particular carries out a comparison to the German transport sector and activities of the German government. In the last part, potential topics for Japanese-German energy dialogue are derived.