From Grave to Cradle: E-waste Management in Ghana (E-MAGIN Ghana)
Through recent years, Agbogbloshie in Ghana’s capital city Accra has received increasing public attention for being the world’s presumably largest dumpsite for waste from electrical and electronic equipment. Crude recycling techniques can in fact be observed throughout the entire country. Environmental pollution and adverse health impacts of improper e-waste recycling are dire.
The Hazardous and Electronic Waste Control and Management Act
In 2016, the Government of Ghana has made landmark achievements in curbing unsustainable e-waste management practices with the introduction of several legal instruments, among them the Hazardous and Electronic Waste Control and Management Act. In order to achieve effective implementation of the legal framework, a formalisation of informal workers is needed, a nation-wide collection mechanism needs to be established, trainings and capacity building programs as well as support for decision-makers are also key.
How did adelphi help to improve e-waste management in Ghana?
adelphi supported the improvement of the legal framework. Part of the problem is the often illegal influx of second-hand products from abroad which are often dysfunctional or become obsolete after a short period of time. Reaching the end of life, these products are predominantly managed by Ghana’s wide-spread informal sector.
Pathing the way to formalising the informal
Together with its partners in Ghana, adelphi put together two reports: one provides an overview over the current state of e-waste management in Ghana, and contains an assessment of the value chain.
The other report explores pathways to formalise the informal e-waste sector in Ghana. It explores the opportunities for fostering partnerships between formal and informal actors in Ghana, identifies good practices, highlights learning opportunities and provides recommendations on formalisation at national level.
Providing knowledge exchange and dialogue platforms all over Ghana
adelphi also arranged activities in order disseminate the results: policy dialogues, national conferences, as well as regional round table events and awareness raising workshops. And unlike previous projects, the focus was not only on the Greater Accra region with its famous dumpsite Agbogbloshie, but expanded to seven other Ghanaian regions, namely Ashanti, Brong Ahafo, Western, Eastern, Central, Northern and Volta Regions.